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THAILAND: lessons for effective public finance for household sanitation

on December 19, 2010

Four decades ago Thailand’s political leadership chose to allocate
relatively little funding to sanitation but concentrate available financing
on training local health officers, village leaders and volunteers so that
they could conduct a range of activities including demand promotion and rigorous monitoring and evaluation. Although policy instruments used in the Thai sanitation sector have varied over the years, the ultimate result was that Thailand achieved dramatic increases in rural sanitation coverage,going from very low coverage to universal coverage in about four decades.
This interesting lesson was highlighted in the discussion on a historical
study about public finance for sanitation in rural Thailand, rural Bihar
under the Total Sanitation Campaign and in Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) at the IRC 2010 symposium [1].
An interesting aspect of the Thai approach is that they chose to focus on the most capable (and comparatively richer) villages and households first,expecting them to act as leaders for replication in less advanced villages.This worked initially, until hardware subsidies were allocated to the remaining poorest villages so as to reach universal coverage.
[1] Sophie Trémolet, Effective public finance for household sanitation: a
study for WaterAid, abstract and presentation [http://www.irc.nl/url/40830]

Related news: Financing on-site sanitation for the poor : a six country
comparative review and analysis, Source Weekly
[http://www.irc.nl/url/41033], 02 Mar 2010

Related web sites:

* IRC – Sanitation [http://www.irc.nl/url/32637]
* WASH news Finance – Sanitation [http://www.irc.nl/url/41034]

Contact: Sophie Trémolet, mailto:Sophie@tremolet.com

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